Grade Levels: K-3

This page provides information to support educators and families in teaching K-3 students about capital and lowercase letters. It is designed to complement the Capital and Lowercase topic page on BrainPOP Jr.

It is important for your children to know how to read and write both the capital and lowercase letters of the alphabet. It is also important for your children to understand when capital and lowercase letters are used in writing. The best way to do this is to expose your children to books, poems, and create a print-rich environment.

Capital letters are always used at the beginning of a sentence or title. Most words in title are capitalized, although short articles, prepositions, or conjunctions are usually not. Proper nouns are specific nouns that are always capitalized, such as names of people, streets, cities, countries, and organizations. We recommend watching the Nouns movie together as a review. The names of geographical points such as oceans and mountains are also capitalized. The first letter of months, days of the week, and holidays are capitalized. The word I is always capitalized even if it appears in the middle of a sentence. Encourage your children to think of different proper nouns and words that are capitalized.